Launched in 2011 by the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) Initiative aims to accomplish three global objectives by 2030: (1) to achieve universal energy access; (2) to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency; and (3) to double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. The UN General Assembly declared 2014-2024 the Decade of Sustainable Energy for All and more than 80 countries have joined the SE4All initiative as of mid-2014, of which 42 are in Africa.
Zimbabwe and Malawi have both joined the SE4All initiative and are committed to working towards achieving the three global objectives. Both countries have undertaken the Rapid Assessment – Gap Analysis and showed commitment to starting the development of a SE4All Action Agenda (AA) and Investment Prospectuses (IPs).
A country’s AA should set out its visions and targets to be accomplished by 2030, the priority action areas, as well as additional information on coordination and follow-up of the activities. The IPs, on the other hand, should outline the priority interventions, implementation arrangements, investment funding requirements, possible financing gaps because of insufficient funding.
he African Development Bank contracted Econoler (in collaboration with Deloitte Conseil) to support the implementation of the SE4All Initiative in Zimbabwe and Malawi with a particular focus on clean energy. Together with Deloitte, Econoler assisted both countries in formulating and implementing their national SE4All AAs and IPs through technology and knowledge transfer regarding energy access, renewable energy and energy efficiency, as well as a high-quality and country-owned participatory process.
To fulfill this assignment, Econoler carried out the following main activities:
- Updating the existing Country Rapid Assessment/Gap Analysis papers for Malawi and Zimbabwe.
- Developing a clean energy options document, which served as a starting point for national and sub-national discussions.
- Identified potential participants, and hosted national stakeholder consultation meetings, where various interested parties (the governments, NGOs, utilities, the private sector, energy traders, etc.) discussed and contributed to the development of national AAs and IPs for both Zimbabwe and Malawi.
- Developed the national AAs for Malawi and Zimbabwe by addressing the issues and gaps identified in the respective Rapid Assessment/Gap Analysis and outlining and prioritizing various courses of action in order to demonstrate how the three global goals of the SE4All initiative can be achieved at the country level. In the course of developing the AAs, Econoler carried out the following activities:
- Made an overall review of Zimbabwe/Malawi’s energy sector, existing policies, past and recent developments, with an emphasis on the barriers to achieving the three SE4ALL major objectives and possible solutions to overcome them.
- Analyzed the past experiences, present situation, trends, opportunities, and challenges regarding the energy efficiency (EE), energy access and renewable energy (RE) environment in Zimbabwe/Malawi, with a focus on possible steps/actions to be taken in order to foster the implementation of the SE4ALL initiative.
- Identified the key energy-sector bottlenecks.
- Identified and prioritized the action areas and designed an implementation mechanism. Econoler coordinated and monitored the progress across stakeholders and assessed the results to constantly adjust the AAs to ensure progress towards achieving national development and SE4ALL goals.
- Developed a national capacity-building and institutional support plan for both countries. The plan detailed the kind of ongoing technical assistance needed to ramp up the implementation of EE, RE and energy access programs and projects.
- Developed the IPs for Malawi and Zimbabwe by:
- Reviewing the existing energy access, EE/ER financial support programs/credit lines and identified potential financing sources.
- Assessed potential investors, including international financial institutions, such as multilateral development banks and export credit agencies, international development agencies, private banks and other local financial institutions.
- Preparing a long list of potential EE, RE, access and transport investment projects in Zimbabwe and Malawi and presenting the project pipeline to potential investors.
- Assessing the investment needs and financing structure and making a preliminary financial analysis for each project in the pipeline.